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Most Common Types Of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is the general term used to describe the darkening of some areas of one's skin. This is basically caused by an increased production of the skin pigment called melanin.
So what are the most common types of hyperpigmentation? There are many types of hyperpigmentation according to their cause and characteristics. Here's a list of the most common ones:
There's so many types of hyperpigmentation but the above-mentioned are the most common types of all. Different therapies are applied to different types of hyperpigmentation, depending on their characteristics. There are also readily available skin lighteners cream and hyperpigmentaion bleaches in the market nowadays, but it was still wise to consult your dermatologist before starting to use any of those products on your skin. Be aware that some skin lighteners, instead of helping you get rid of your hyperpigmentation problem, can even worsen them. Still, it doesn’t hurt to ask an expert about your case.
- Freckles - (also known as ephelis) These are hereditary blemishes, usually brown spots on the cheeks, chest or on any area exposed to the sun. It is most often visible on people with fair complexion. It fades in winter.
- Liver Spots - (also known as Solar Lentigo, Lentigo Senelis, Old Age Spot and Senile Freckle) These spots are always associated with aging and exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. They range in color from light brown to red or black and unlike freckles, it doesn't fade in winter. They are most likely to appear on areas most often exposed to the sun such as the face, hands, shoulders, arms and forehead. And if the scalp is bald, it is also likely to appear there.
- Melasma - (also known as Chloasma Faciei or simply Chloasma or 'the mask of pregnancy') This condition is more likely to appear on women than on men. It can affect most especially pregnant women and those who take oral or patch contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications. This condition usually disappears spontaneously after giving birth, or in the case of oral birth control-taking women and HRT patient, after stopping the oral contraceptives/medications. However, in some cases, the dark spot stays.
- Caused by Acne - Another common form of hyperpigmentation is those that is caused by the scars left by acne.
- Caused by Skin Injxuries - Aside from acne, dark spots can also be caused by skin injuries that are bound to leave scars on the skin.
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Skin Care problems and disease
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